incidence

incidence in‧ci‧dence [ˈɪnsdns] noun [singular]
1. TAX the effect of a particular tax on people or organizations, and how much they have to pay:

• The structure of production may influence the incidence of taxation.

2. the number of times something happens:

• The incidence of new product failure is very high.

* * *

incidence UK US /ˈɪnsɪdəns/ noun [S]
the rate at which something happens: increase/decrease/reduce the incidence of sth »

We intend to reduce the incidence of loan defaults by restructuring payments.

»

The incidence of financial fraud among companies having an audit decreased threefold in the last ten years.

(also incidence of taxation) TAX the financial effect of taxes on people or companies, especially taxes not directly paid by them: »

High business property taxes added to the tax incidence on consumers by increasing the costs of goods and services.

»

Although mean incomes increased by 3.5% when the incidence of taxation is accounted for it leads to a 2.4% fall in mean income.


Financial and business terms. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • incidence — [ ɛ̃sidɑ̃s ] n. f. • fin XIIIe « ce qui arrive »; de incident I ♦ Vx Ce qui arrive, survient; circonstance, incident. II ♦ (1637) 1 ♦ Sc. Rencontre (d une ligne, d un corps et d une autre ligne, d une surface, etc.). Spécialt; phys., opt.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Incidence — In ci*dence, n. [Cf. F. incidence.] [1913 Webster] 1. A falling on or upon; an incident; an event; an occurrence. [Obs.] Bp. Hall. [1913 Webster] 2. (Physics) The direction in which a body, or a ray of light or heat, falls on any surface. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Incidence — may refer to:* Incidence (epidemiology), a measure of the risk of developing some new condition within a specified period of time * Incidence (geometry), the binary relations describing how subsets meet * Angle of incidence, a measure of… …   Wikipedia

  • incidence — (n.) early 15c., incidental matter, from M.Fr. incidence (15c.), from L.L. incidentia (see INCIDENT (Cf. incident) (n.)). Meaning act of coming into contact with is from 1650s; sense in physics is from 1620s …   Etymology dictionary

  • incidence — [in′sə dəns] n. [ME (North) < OFr < LL incidentia] 1. the act, fact, or manner of falling upon or influencing 2. the degree or range of occurrence or effect; extent of influence 3. Informal an individual or particular occurrence or… …   English World dictionary

  • incidence — index situation Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • incidence — ► NOUN 1) the occurrence, rate, or frequency of a disease, crime, or other undesirable thing. 2) Physics the intersection of a line or ray with a surface …   English terms dictionary

  • incidence — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ great, high ▪ There is a greater incidence of cancer in the families of radiation workers. ▪ peak ▪ low ▪ growing …   Collocations dictionary

  • Incidence — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Incidence », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Le mot incidence est employé dans plusieurs… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • incidence — (in si dan s ) s. f. 1°   Terme de physique. Chute, sur une surface, d un rayon, d une onde, d une bille, en un mot de tout ce qui peut être réfléchi. •   Tous [les rayons] se brisent à leur incidence dans la boule ; chacun d eux se brise… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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